Catholic Beliefs

Teachings, Catechism Gifts
& Virtues of Christian Living Sacraments

The Seven Sacraments

The Seven Sacraments

  • The Sacrament of Baptism
  • The Sacrament of Confirmation
  • The Sacrament of Holy Communion
  • The Sacrament of Confession
  • The Sacrament of Marriage
  • The Sacrament of Holy Orders
  • The Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick

Ten Commandments

1. I AM the Lord your God. You shall not have other gods besides me.
2. You shall not take the name of the Lord, your God, in vain.
3. Remember to keep holy the Sabbath day.
4. Honor your father and your mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
9. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife.
10. You shall not covet anything that belongs to you neighbor.

Ten Commandments
Holy Days of Obligation

Holy Days of Obligation

Catholics celebrate the following Feasts by participating in the Eucharist on the day of the feast or the evening before after dusk. These Feasts are:

  • Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God: January 1
  • Ascension: Fortieth day after Easter
  • Assumption: August 15
  • All Saints’ Day: November 1
  • Immaculate Conception: December 8
  • Christmas: December 25

Days of Fasting

To fast is to eat only one full meal and two lighter meals that do not equal the main meal.

Adult Catholics (in reasonably good health) must fast from their 21st birthday to their 59th birthday on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.

Days of Abstinence

Catholics fourteen years and older are bound to abstain form meat on Ash Wednesday and on all Fridays during Lent.

Days of Fasting and Abstinence


  • Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they who mourn, for they will be comforted.
  • Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the land.
  • Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
  • Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.
  • Blessed are the clean of heart, for they will see God.
  • Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.
  • Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Corporal Works of Mercy

  • Feed the hungry
  • Give drink to the thirsty
  • Clothe the naked
  • Visit the sick
  • Shelter the homeless
  • Visit the imprisoned
  • Bury the dead

Spiritual Works of Mercy

  • Warn the sinner
  • Instruct the ignorant
  • Counsel the doubtful
  • Comfort the sorrowing
  • Bear wrongs patiently
  • Forgive all injuries
  • Pray for the living and the dead
Corporal and Spiritual Works of Mercy

Marks of the Church

One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic
Precepts of the Church

Precepts of the Church

  • To worship God by participating in Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation.
  • To receive Holy Communion frequently and the Sacrament of Reconciliation regularly
  • To study Catholic teachings in preparation for the Sacrament of Confirmation, to be confirmed, and then to continue to study and advance the cause of Christ
  • To observe the marriage laws of the Church
  • To strengthen and support the Church
  • To do penance, including abstaining from meat and fasting from food on the appointed days
  • To join in the missionary spirit and apostolate of the Church

Theological Virtues: faith, hope, love (charity)

Cardinal Virtues: prudence, temperance, justice, fortitude

Gifts of the Holy Spirit

  • Wisdom
  • Understanding
  • Right judgment (counsel)
  • Courage
  • Knowledge
  • Reverence (piety)
  • Wonder and awe (fear of the Lord)

Fruits of the Holy Spirit

  • Charity
  • Humility
  • Faith
  • Joy
  • Goodness
  • Modesty
  • Peace
  • Long-suffering
  • Patience
  • Mildness
  • Chastity
Gifts and Fruits of the Holy Spirit
Capital Sins

Capital Sins

Sometimes referred to as the ‘seven deadly sins’

  • Pride
  • Covetousness
  • Lust
  • Anger
  • Gluttony
  • Envy
  • Sloth

Capital Virtues

  • Humility
  • Generosity
  • Chastity
  • Mildness
  • Temperance
  • Friendship
  • Diligence
Capital Virtues

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Catholic Beliefs was last modified: May 18th, 2019 by Sacred Heart Catholic Church

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